Visual Research Methods to Improve Teaching


  • Giancarlo Gola University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland; Department of Education and Learning



Video Analysis, Educational Research, Teacher Education


This paper presents an exploratory examination of video-mediated classroom interaction in School and University settings, a modality of teaching and learning which has recently experienced a rapid growth as a consequence of the COVID-19 emergency. Based on a corpus of audio and video recorded virtual classes, we analyze how instructors and students cope with the challenges of not being physically copresent and lacking direct visual contact in the virtual enviroment, and discuss how fundamental mechanisms of face-to-face classroom interaction –participants’ mutual orientation in the opening phase, speakers’ identification and recognition, as well as instructors’ actions like comprehension checks, solicitations for questions/comments, questions and evaluations– are partially modified in the virtual environment, making it more complex, for instructors, to enhance students’ active participation. Final considerations are devoted to the possible implications of these preliminary findings.




How to Cite

Gola, G. (2023). Visual Research Methods to Improve Teaching. Img Journal, 4(8), 246–257.