img journal <p><strong>img journal – ISSN 2724-2463 </strong> is an open access and interdisciplinary scientific publication that explores the interconnections between the different fields of images, imagery, and imagination.</p> en-US <p>Unless otherwise stated, the copyrights of all the texts on this journal belong to the respective authors without restrictions.</p><div><a href="" rel="license"><img src="" alt="Creative Commons License" /></a></div><p>This journal is licensed under a <a href="" rel="license">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License</a> (<a href="">full legal code</a>). <br /> See also our <a href="/about/editorialPolicies#openAccessPolicy">Open Access Policy</a>.</p> (img journal) (OJS Support) Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 OJS 60 Peripheral Regions and Policy Formation <p>Political discourse in many countries is significantly impacted by the existence of populations that live in urban centers and other populations that live in rural or peripheral places. Due to factors such as population density, economic activity, proximity to schools, retail and health facilities, attachment to religion, and access to diverse political opinions, people living in the peripheral areas tend to be relatively conservative and those in urban areas are relatively liberal. Thus we have two elements of the population that tend to live in silos, having little dialogue or even contact with the other. This results in a national political dialogue that is not at all productive or capable of generating policies that would benefit the population. In many countries of Europe and the Americas, the politically left and right parties or movements are, figuratively speaking, at war with each other. In spite of this, an examination of the reality of many areas of public policy reveals that there are, in fact, many areas of public policy that are of benefit to both urban and periphery dwellers such as, education, access to health care, management of water and waterways, funding of small businesses and banks and local governments, and infrastructure. I have recently compiled a set of 40 such policies that could be adopted because they are of direct benefit to dwellers in both silos (Kresl, 2021). Recognition of this mutual benefit could advance the discussion of public policy and even lead to implementation of some of these policies. Those living on the periphery and in the inner city could engage in a dialogue that would be of benefit to both of these groups, and peripherality would no longer be identified with exclusion from a beneficial political discourse.</p> Peter Karl Kresl Copyright (c) 2022 Peter Karl Kresl Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Exhibiting Places. Installation Practices at the Margins <p>The paper illustrates how the experiments by some emerging architectural practices, adopting the tools of temporary setup, often not far from installation or exhibition design, claim a deeper sense of architecture, and identify marginal areas –distant from the centres of our cities as widely accredited attractive areas for tourism or leisure– as valuable reservoirs of resources, redefining their established patterns. Their interventions create an intermediate space, which instead of obsessively opposing centre and periphery, urban and rural, modernity and tradition, global and local, is able to instil a deviation, staging new images and opening up to a new imagery. In the ephemeral character of the presented projects lays one of their more powerful strengths. They concentrate an enormous amount of energy in a certain place at a certain moment and this phenomenon has a big transformative potential. In this context, performances, installations and exhibitions can be understood as activist’s tools making the appropriation of marginal areas as well as devices capable of strengthening community interactions. This paper is part of a broader analysis connected to a research project that starts from the assumption that architectural exhibitions today should be recognised as a mean oriented not only towards the documentation and presentation of architecture, but as a proper instrument for the production of architectural experiments.</p> Nina Bassoli, Roberto Gigliotti Copyright (c) 2022 Nina Bassoli, Roberto Gigliotti Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Perugia, Ipogeo dei Volumni. From Genius Disloci to Genius Loci of a Peripheralized Monument <p>Can an inhomogeneous, fragmented, and incoherent peripheral place, in which archaeological remains, industrial settlements and territorial infrastructures coexist chaotically, become a place of identity of the city of our time? This contribution aims at recognize the <em>genius disloci</em> of the suburbs, considered no man’s land, places without identity, but which are, inevitably, the daily theater of most people’s lives. On the heels of a deep and sensitive cognitive activity, the potential of marginalized places have been investigated through the case study of Ponte San Giovanni, the most complex neighborhood of the city of Perugia. The disorganization of the urban fabric betrays a precise lexical heritage, characterized by the presence of the archaeological park of the Etruscan necropolis of Palazzone and the <em>Ipogeo dei Volumni</em>. In this framework, the urban architecture project <em>Hortus line</em> is inserted, with the purpose of physically and culturally sewing up the peripheral monument with the inhabited district. It traces an iconic sign in the intricate local morphology able to evoke that <em>genius loci</em> unrevealed so far.</p> Paolo Belardi, Monica Battistoni, Camilla Sorignani Copyright (c) 2022 Paolo Belardi, Monica Battistoni, Camilla Sorignani Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Heritage And Tourism Education in Fragile Landscape. Enhancing the Image of Suburbia <p>Tourism is changing significantly and many of the changes are also affecting the field of landscape enhancement and cultural heritage education. There is a growing interest in sustainable tourism and projects involving local communities in the promotion of the less-know locations. Contemporarily, the digital transformation is deeply involved in these processes, as it broadens the possibility of accessing information that may interest a particular public focused on cultural, sustainable and community-based tourism offers.<br />This paper refers to a research project aimed to involve schools in a participatory processes of interpretation and enhancement of the everyday landscape inside an area basically unknown by tourists in an evolving touristic city. The first part focuses on the current links between heritage education and tourism education in consideration of the European policies about the landscape. The second part concisely illustrates the research project, and present an overview of the use of ICTs in the participatory processes of interpretation and enhancement of a suburban landscape. The third part describes a specific activity performed during the project and it focuses on the adopted methodology and the touristic interactive applications created. In the last part, the paper discusses, in the light of the project, the relationship between landscape and heritage education, tourism education and some important transformations that are taking place in the field of tourism. Finally, the authors propose some considerations on the field experience described.</p> Camilla Casonato, Marco Vedoà Copyright (c) 2022 Camilla Casonato, Marco Vedoà Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Drawing as Design Act: Expressing the Hidden Structure and the Design Perspective of Inner Periphery <p>The contribution aims to present an ongoing research work with Confcooperative Abruzzo, about the definition of community design actions within the regional inner area. Moreover, it shows the necessity of a series of devices to report the complex stratification of these territories.<br />The paper traces the difficulties in describing through mapping these inner peripheries of the Italian central Appennino, pointing out the necessity of representing the complex, often subtle, dynamics and the physical asset of the area. The study displays how understanding these problems and lacks could produce a possibility in which the critical representation of the territory can become a methodological project through an interscalar point of view, so working at different scales of analysis.<br />Finally, the illustration of some study drawings highlights how the territorial interpretation of inner territories could fore-see design actions, recognizing the intrinsic structure of these areas, overlapping tangible and intangible networks.</p> Emilia Corradi, Kevin Santus Copyright (c) 2022 Emilia Corradi, Kevin Santus Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 The Jungle of Calais: a Place of Resistance and Monumentality <p>The ongoing critical European border regimes are leading to the emergence of new official/unofficial refugee and migrant camps, which I understand, are an important aspect of the (post)colonial era. Of particular interest to this paper is reflecting upon past actions and motivations in my first experience in one of the biggest informal camps in Europe, ‘The Jungle’ in Calais, France. For this purpose, I question my artistic and pseudo ethnographic methodologies. Such as artistic intervention with an art action, participatory observation, and informal interviews, reflecting on how to research these ‘peripheral’ places. I will deal with my own experience in The Jungle with ethnographic and artistic considerations and consider theories such as; the art of resistance and (post)colonial practices, which have helped guide my ongoing thoughts on ‘monumentally’. I see The Jungle as a possible visual manifestation of ongoing problematics of the ‘autonomy of migration’ in a contemporary Western context. The particular interest of this text is the reflection on/of different theoretical, ethnographic, and artistic materials from the research during my first encounter in The Jungle. The major focus is between 2015 and 2016 when the urban and social development of the area took place (and when my initial fieldwork took place). This text engages on layers of memory with aspects of personal experience and anthropological theory.</p> Melanye Garland Copyright (c) 2022 Melanye Garland Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Debauchery & Impiety: Literary Preserve <p>This preservation project investigates a post-industrial building and interior – origi­nally constructed in 1909 as a carriage factory. As part of an ongoing dimensional survey of multiple post-industrial buildings and spaces, the author performs a literary lore in conjunction with an intensely modu­lated series of site engagements. It is a study that takes into account the situative and performative contexts in effort to pre­serve the material value, and even virtuos­ity, manifests in such spatial volumes. The objective of the project is to make visceral our intellectual comprehension of the re­lationships between self and the atmo­spheric nature of places and their histories. Through diverse methodologies and an intense series of modulations, I have de­veloped a highly individualized intellectual pursuit and, consequently, the ability to rec­oncile the role of the body as the locus of perception and spatial engagement in the interdisciplinary consideration of the post-industrial landscape as a constructed, cul­tural artifact. As an introduction to dealing with these issues of ‘site’, each effort in­volves a careful and multi-scalar examina­tion of environmental phenomena and pat­terns of use and settlement, revealed and affected by the post-industrial architectural artifact. Active awareness in observation is a valuable tool for design.</p> Peter Paul Goché Copyright (c) 2022 Peter Goche Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Stratifications of the Immigration Landscape. A Case Study on the Outskirts of Milan <p>Baranzate is an autonomous municipality of about 12.000 inhabitants on the outskirts of Milan. During its history, since the political Unification of Italy, the town has gradually transformed from an agricultural village to an industrial center that, already after the First World War, began to attract flows of immigrants from the southern Italian regions. After the Second World War, its population grew considerably thanks to the increase in Italian immigration and –more recently– from abroad. With over a third of immigrants among its population, today Baranzate is the Italian municipality –with more than 5,000 inhabitants– with the highest percentage of foreign people. Consequently, the town changed its original housing structure with the establishment of neighborhoods inhabited mainly by foreign citizens.<br />Is it possible to identify an immigration landscape and its visual characteristics that best describe the settlement dynamics? This paper tries to answer this question by means of images that can show the traces of housing processes and of the difficult paths towards a progressive integration of immigrants into the Italian society.</p> Guido Lucarno, Maria Vittoria Lucarno Copyright (c) 2022 Guido Lucarno Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Borghi. Against a Rethoric of Excellence <p>Can the countryside offer a real alternative to metropolitan life? Today, rural areas are of­ten seen as places to ‘save’ through tourism and other discontinuous uses, but the era in which we live imposes a radical change of perspective: the pandemic has crumbled tourist economies and shown their fragility. The birth of a post-tourist society is particu­larly relevant in Italy, where entities such as the <em>borghi </em>are widespread: far and discon­nected from the large urban centers, they are nevertheless the archetype to which metro­politan areas are now turning again. To put these reflections into practice, it is effective to study a representative case: the ‘urban ter­ritory’ around San Benedetto del Tronto (AP), an ever-growing seaside tourist destination. The neighboring municipalities are nothing but dormitory districts, as evidenced by the new widespread urbanizations and the semi-abandoned historic centers of Acquaviva Pi­cena, Monteprandone, and Monsampolo del Tronto. Among the still evident signs of the 2016 earthquake and houses for sale, the three medieval villages spend in hibernation the months that separate the tourist sea­sons, calling for alternative scenarios: in or­der not to remain crystallized as monuments to culture and traditions, it is necessary for them to aspire to be places of daily life, in­serted in a network of biunivocal relations with other urban centers.</p> Iacopo Prinetti, Caterina Cameli Copyright (c) 2022 Iacopo Prinetti, Caterina Cameli Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Mapping Peripheries: Urban Ethnographic Maps as Graphic Tools <p>The crisis of the boundary line and the consequent determination of the peripher­ies from a geometric point of view entails a crisis in representing urban boundaries and thresholds, and therefore the peripher­ies themselves.<br />In this regard, the essay rereads some historical and recent ethnographic urban maps. Both from a graphic point of view and as artefacts and documents capable of visualising complex urban issues linked to the concept of peripheralization of frag­ile territories. This reinterpretation allows us to highlight the role that these graphic artefacts have as interpretative documents of the peripheral realities of the city that open operational, epistemological and se­mantic perspectives in the field of graphic sciences.<br />The frames operated by the boundary draw­ing line of the urban periphery assume similar ontological meanings and episte­mologies. Their re-discussion allows us to rethink their definition and operational role in the urban dimension and in the extension of the graphic tools of urban representation.</p> Michele Valentino Copyright (c) 2022 Michele Valentino Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Peripheries. Playgrounds of Society <p>Peripheries are playgrounds of society be­cause they offer an opportunity for self-real­ization while designing and exploring some­thing new. Thus, peripheries become places of social innovation, especially for people who are willing to take risks and try some­thing new, even if they are ridiculed for it at first.<br />They may assign less value to getting recog­nized by the social mainstream. Peripheries therefore offer niches to try out other ways of life and go off the beaten path, particu­larly when there is a need for real change.</p> Julia van Lessen, Sandra Petermann Copyright (c) 2022 Julia van Lessen, Sandra Petermann Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Landscape Narration and Digitization between Preservation and Regeneration in Fragile Areas. The Case of the Italian Western Alps <p>During the last decades, cultural heritage digitization processes have assumed a central role in documenting, communi­cating, and enhancing the cultural land­scape. Beyond the development of cata­logues, Cultural Heritage GIS, and web maps, administrations, associations, pri­vate companies, and spontaneous groups of citizens created innovative landscape narrations to promote their places. In the same direction, the Italian policy on pe­ripheral areas, Strategia Nazionale per le Aree Interne (SNAI), recognize landscape as a latent common capital that, if prop­erly managed, could play a relevant role in the reactivation and regeneration of mar­ginal municipalities.<br />With a focus on the nine experimental areas identified by SNAI in the Western Alps, the study analyses the digitization processes and the landscape narrations available online. Moreover, the paper deepens the top-down and bottom-up ap­proaches, the involvement of local stake­holders, the opportunities to attract ex­ternal resources with the aim to learn the possible links between ICTs, tourism, and the regeneration of fragile landscapes.</p> Marco Vedoà Copyright (c) 2022 Marco Vedoà Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 A Computational Strategy to Plan Housing Settlements: the Case of Santa Marta <p>The world is becoming more urbanized and the exponential population growth places an enormous pressure in cities. This intense urbanization gives rise to innumerous urban problems, especially when stakeholders are not able to construct sufficient buildings and infrastructure. Informal settlements emerge in this context as a self-constructed solution for housing. This research presented, proposes a computational strategy to the planning of affordable housing settlements, based on the model of favelas, and developing rules to replicate their positive characteristics while avoiding their flaws. Santa Marta favela, an iconic informal settlement in Rio de Janeiro, is the case study for this research. The research encompasses six steps: (1) data collection and modeling of the case study; (2) generating the grammar-based analytical computational model; (3) assessing the case study; (4) revising the analytical model to propose a synthetic computational model to generate favela-like settlements; and (5) validating the synthetic model. This paper focuses on steps four and five of the research by presenting the computational strategy developed to generate the synthetic grammar. This strategy contributes for the theory of shape grammars by extending the concept of grammatical transformations.</p> Debora Verniz, José P. Duarte Copyright (c) 2022 Debora Verniz, José P Duarte Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200 Editorial Tobias Boos, Daniele Ietri, Eleonora Mastropietro Copyright (c) 2022 Tobias Boos, Daniele Ietri, Eleonora Mastropietro Sun, 31 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +0200